The Latino Resilience Enterprise Brownbag Speaker Series

Karina Cahill, M.S.

Doctoral Student
T. Denny Sanford School of Social and Family Dynamics
Arizona State University

Family and Culture Among Latinos: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Linking Familism Values to Individual Adjustment


Familism is a key cultural value that emphasizes support, loyalty, and obligation to the family, and is hypothesized to be a source of risk and resilience among Latinos and a critical factor in shaping family dynamics and individual adjustment. Over the past three decades, a burgeoning body of research has examined the effects of individuals' and family members' familism values on a wide range of adjustment outcomes. We know little about the magnitude of these effects or about the extent to which, and the conditions under which, familism values operate as cultural promotive, protective, or risk mechanisms. To advance the field, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the association between familism values and Latinos' adjustment in four domains: internalizing symptoms, externalizing symptoms, educational outcomes, and family relationships. We conducted a systematic search in PsycINFO, PubMed, and ERIC, and identified 62 records on internalizing symptoms (9% unpublished), 30 on externalizing symptoms (20% unpublished), 44 on family relationships – warmth/support (38% unpublished), 33 family relationships – conflict/negativity (25% unpublished), and 28 on educational outcomes (35% unpublished). Support for familism values as promotive was evidenced by a significant positive effect between familism and educational outcomes, r = .150, 95% CI [0.081, 0.217], and family relationship warmth/support, r = .220, 95% CI [0.170, 0.268]. We also found significant overall associations in the expected negative direction between familism and family negativity/conflict, r = -.110, 95% CI [-0.213, -0.005], and internalizing , r = -.120, 95% CI [-0.160, -0.079]. The overall association between familism and externalizing, in contrast, included zero, r = -.080, 95% CI [-0.175, 0.016]. We tested a series of individual (e.g., sex, national origin, developmental period) and methodological characteristic (e.g., study design) moderators to determine the conditions under which these associations were weakened or strengthened and suggested risk versus promotive mechanisms. We will address familism as culturally promotive for Latinos' family relationship warmth/support and educational outcomes and factors that strengthen these associations.


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Friday, December 6, 2019
SS 204